Vincent Pit > indirect > indirect

Download:
indirect-0.31.tar.gz

Dependencies

Annotate this POD

Website

CPAN RT

New  3
Open  0
Stalled  1
View/Report Bugs
Module Version: 0.31   Source  

NAME ^

indirect - Lexically warn about using the indirect method call syntax.

VERSION ^

Version 0.31

SYNOPSIS ^

In a script :

    no indirect;               # lexically enables the pragma
    my $x = new Apple 1, 2, 3; # warns
    {
     use indirect;     # lexically disables the pragma
     my $y = new Pear; # legit, does not warn
     {
      # lexically specify an hook called for each indirect construct
      no indirect hook => sub {
       die "You really wanted $_[0]\->$_[1] at $_[2]:$_[3]"
      };
      my $z = new Pineapple 'fresh'; # croaks 'You really wanted...'
     }
    }
    try { ... }; # warns if try() hasn't been declared in this package

    no indirect 'fatal';     # or ':fatal', 'FATAL', ':Fatal' ...
    if (defied $foo) { ... } # croaks, note the typo

Global uses :

    # Globally enable the pragma from the command-line
    perl -M-indirect=global -e 'my $x = new Banana;' # warns

    # Globally enforce the pragma each time perl is executed
    export PERL5OPT="-M-indirect=global,fatal"
    perl -e 'my $y = new Coconut;' # croaks

DESCRIPTION ^

When enabled, this pragma warns about indirect method calls that are present in your code.

The indirect syntax is now considered harmful, since its parsing has many quirks and its use is error prone : when the subroutine foo has not been declared in the current package, foo $x actually compiles to $x->foo, and foo { key => 1 } to 'key'->foo(1). In http://www.shadowcat.co.uk/blog/matt-s-trout/indirect-but-still-fatal, Matt S. Trout gives an example of an undesirable indirect method call on a block that can cause a particularly bewildering error.

This pragma currently does not warn for core functions (print, say, exec or system). This may change in the future, or may be added as optional features that would be enabled by passing options to unimport.

This module is not a source filter.

METHODS ^

unimport

    no indirect;
    no indirect 'fatal';
    no indirect hook => sub { my ($obj, $name, $file, $line) = @_; ... };
    no indirect 'global';
    no indirect 'global, 'fatal';
    no indirect 'global', hook => sub { ... };

Magically called when no indirect @opts is encountered. Turns the module on. The policy to apply depends on what is first found in @opts :

import

    use indirect;

Magically called at each use indirect. Turns the module off.

As explained in "unimport"'s description, an use indirect statement will lexically override a global policy previously installed by no indirect 'global', ... (if there's one).

FUNCTIONS ^

msg

    my $msg = msg($object, $method, $file, $line);

Returns the default error message that indirect generates when an indirect method call is reported.

CONSTANTS ^

I_THREADSAFE

True iff the module could have been built with thread-safety features enabled.

I_FORKSAFE

True iff this module could have been built with fork-safety features enabled. This will always be true except on Windows where it's false for perl 5.10.0 and below .

DIAGNOSTICS ^

Indirect call of method "%s" on object "%s" at %s line %d.

The default warning/exception message thrown when an indirect method call on an object is found.

Indirect call of method "%s" on a block at %s line %d.

The default warning/exception message thrown when an indirect method call on a block is found.

ENVIRONMENT ^

PERL_INDIRECT_PM_DISABLE

If this environment variable is set to true when the pragma is used for the first time, the XS code won't be loaded and, although the 'indirect' lexical hint will be set to true in the scope of use, the pragma itself won't do anything. In this case, the pragma will always be considered to be thread-safe, and as such "I_THREADSAFE" will be true. This is useful for disabling indirect in production environments.

Note that clearing this variable after indirect was loaded has no effect. If you want to re-enable the pragma later, you also need to reload it by deleting the 'indirect.pm' entry from %INC.

CAVEATS ^

The implementation was tweaked to work around several limitations of vanilla perl pragmas : it's thread safe, and does not suffer from a perl 5.8.x-5.10.0 bug that causes all pragmas to propagate into required scopes.

Before perl 5.12, meth $obj (no semicolon) at the end of a file is not seen as an indirect method call, although it is as soon as there is another token before the end (as in meth $obj; or meth $obj 1). If you use perl 5.12 or greater, those constructs are correctly reported.

With 5.8 perls, the pragma does not propagate into eval STRING. This is due to a shortcoming in the way perl handles the hints hash, which is addressed in perl 5.10.

The search for indirect method calls happens before constant folding. Hence my $x = new Class if 0 will be caught.

DEPENDENCIES ^

perl 5.8.1.

A C compiler. This module may happen to build with a C++ compiler as well, but don't rely on it, as no guarantee is made in this regard.

Carp (standard since perl 5), XSLoader (since perl 5.6.0).

AUTHOR ^

Vincent Pit, <perl at profvince.com>, http://www.profvince.com.

You can contact me by mail or on irc.perl.org (vincent).

BUGS ^

Please report any bugs or feature requests to bug-indirect at rt.cpan.org, or through the web interface at http://rt.cpan.org/NoAuth/ReportBug.html?Queue=indirect. I will be notified, and then you'll automatically be notified of progress on your bug as I make changes.

SUPPORT ^

You can find documentation for this module with the perldoc command.

    perldoc indirect

Tests code coverage report is available at http://www.profvince.com/perl/cover/indirect.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ^

Bram, for motivation and advices.

Andrew Main and Florian Ragwitz, for testing on real-life code and reporting issues.

COPYRIGHT & LICENSE ^

Copyright 2008,2009,2010,2011,2012,2013 Vincent Pit, all rights reserved.

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

syntax highlighting: