Alex White (wu) > Net-CascadeCopy-0.2.6 > Net::CascadeCopy

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Module Version: 0.2.6   Source  

NAME ^

Net::CascadeCopy - Rapidly propagate (rsync/scp/...) files to many servers in multiple locations.

VERSION ^

version 0.2.6

SYNOPSIS ^

    use Net::CascadeCopy;

    # create a new CascadeCopy object
    my $ccp = Net::CascadeCopy->new( { ssh          => "/path/to/ssh",
                                       ssh_flags    => "-x -A",
                                       max_failures => 3,
                                       max_forks    => 2,
                                       output       => "log",
                                   } );

    # set the command and arguments to use to transfer file(s)
    $ccp->set_command( "rsync", "-rav --checksum --delete -e ssh" );

    # another example with scp instead
    $ccp->set_command( "/path/to/scp", "-p" );


    # set path on the local server
    $ccp->set_source_path( "/path/on/local/server" );
    # set path on all remote servers
    $ccp->set_target_path( "/path/on/remote/servers" );

    # add lists of servers in multiple datacenters
    $ccp->add_group( "datacenter1", \@dc1_servers );
    $ccp->add_group( "datacenter2", \@dc2_servers );

    # transfer all files
    $ccp->transfer();

DESCRIPTION ^

This module implements a scalable method of quickly propagating files to a large number of servers in one or more locations via rsync or scp.

A frequent solution to distributing a file or directory to a large number of servers is to copy it from a central file server to all other servers. To speed this up, multiple file servers may be used, or files may be copied in parallel until the inevitable bottleneck in network/disk/cpu is reached. These approaches run in O(n) time.

This module and the included script, ccp, take a much more efficient approach that is O(log n). Once the file(s) are been copied to a remote server, that server will be promoted to be used as source server for copying to remaining servers. Thus, the rate of transfer increases exponentially rather than linearly.

Servers can be specified in groups (e.g. datacenter) to prevent copying across groups. This maximizes the number of transfers done over a local high-speed connection (LAN) while minimizing the number of transfers over the WAN.

The number of multiple simultaneous transfers per source point is configurable. The total number of simultaneously forked processes is limited via Proc::Queue, and is currently hard coded to 32.

CONSTRUCTOR ^

new( { option => value } )

Returns a reference to a new use Net::CascadeCopy object.

Supported options:

ssh => "/path/to/ssh"

Name or path of ssh script ot use to log in to each remote server to begin a transfer to another remote server. Default is simply "ssh" to be invoked from $PATH.

ssh_flags => "-x -A"

Command line options to be passed to ssh script. Default is to disable X11 and enable agent forwarding.

max_failures => 3

The Maximum number of transfer failures to allow before giving up on a target host. Default is 3.

max_forks => 2

The maximum number of simultaneous transfers that should be running per source server. Default is 2.

output => undef

Specify options for child process output. The default is to discard stdout and display stderr. "log" can be specified to redirect stdout and stderr of each transfer to to ccp.sourcehost.targethost.log. "stdout" option also exists which will not supress stdout, but this option is only intended for debugging.

INTERFACE ^

$self->add_group( $groupname, \@servers )

Add a group of servers. Ideally all servers will be located in the same datacenter. This may be called multiple times with different group names to create multiple groups.

$self->get_groups()

Get list of groups. List is sorted by the order in which the groups were added.

$self->set_command( $command, $args )

Set the command and arguments that will be used to transfer files. For example, "rsync" and "-ravuz" could be used for rsync, or "scp" and "-p" could be used for scp.

$self->set_source_path( $path )

Specify the path on the local server where the source files reside.

$self->set_target_path( $path )

Specify the target path on the remote servers where the files should be copied.

$self->transfer( )

Transfer all files. Will not return until all files are transferred.

$self->get_transfer_map( )

Returns a data structure describing the transfers that were peformed, i.e. which hosts were used as the sources for which other hosts.

BUGS AND LIMITATIONS ^

Note that this is still a beta release.

There is one known bug. If an initial copy from the localhost to the first server in one of the groups fails, it will not be retried. the real solution to this bug is to refactor the logic for the inital copy from localhost. The current logic is a hack. Max forks should be configured for localhost transfers, and localhost could be listed in a group to allow it to be re-used by that group once all the intial transfers to the first server in each group were completed.

If using rsync for the copy mechanism, it is recommended that you use the "--delete" and "--checksum" options. Otherwise, if the content of the directory structure varies slightly from system to system, then you may potentially sync different files from some servers than from others.

Since the copies will be performed between machines, you must be able to log into each source server to each target server (in the same group). Since empty passwords on ssh keys are insecure, the default ssh arguments enable the ssh agent for authentication (the -A option). Note that each server will need an entry in .ssh/known_hosts for each other server.

Multiple syncs will be initialized within a few seconds on remote hosts. Ideally this could be configurable to wait a certain amount of time before starting additional syncs. This would give rsync some time to finish computing checksums, a potential disk/cpu bottleneck, and move into the network bottleneck phase before starting the next transfer.

There is no timeout enforced in CascadeCopy yet. A copy command that hangs forever will prevent CascadeCopy from ever completing.

Please report problems to VVu@geekfarm.org. Patches are welcome.

SUPPORT AND DOCUMENTATION ^

    RT, CPAN's request tracker
        http://rt.cpan.org/NoAuth/Bugs.html?Dist=Net-CascadeCopy

    AnnoCPAN, Annotated CPAN documentation
        http://annocpan.org/dist/Net-CascadeCopy

    Search CPAN
        http://search.cpan.org/dist/Net-CascadeCopy

SEE ALSO ^

ccp - command line script distributed with this module

http://www.geekfarm.org/wu/muse/CascadeCopy.html

CONTRIBUTORS ^

0.2.3 incorporates a fix from twelch for an endless loop that occurred when the initial transfer failed.

AUTHOR ^

Alex White <vvu@geekfarm.org>

LICENCE AND COPYRIGHT ^

Copyright (c) 2007, Alex White <vvu@geekfarm.org>. All rights reserved.

All rights reserved.

Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:

- Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.

- Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.

- Neither the name of the geekfarm.org nor the names of its contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software without specific prior written permission.

THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.

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