Dusty Wilson > Win32-WindowsUpdate > Win32::WindowsUpdate

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Module Version: 0.04   Source  

NAME ^

Win32::WindowsUpdate - Access to Windows Update functions

DESCRIPTION ^

Provides the ability to see installed and available (not installed) Windows Updates as well as install them. It provides other features, such as the ability to disable/enable automatic reboot of the computer when users are logged on. Read the list of methods below to see the available features.

If a feature is missing, request it! File a "wishlist" bug on the CPAN bug tracker or shoot me an email (dusty#megagram#com).

If you test this, please let me know your results. It's not ready for production use, but any testing is greatly appreciated. It should work, but I haven't tested on enough systems to promise this.

EXAMPLE ^

  use Win32::WindowsUpdate;
  my $wu = Win32::WindowsUpdate->new;

  die "Reboot first...\n" if $wu->rebootRequired;

  $wu->setAutoRebootWhileLoggedOn(0); # don't auto reboot

  my @updates;
  foreach my $update ($wu->updates)
  {
    next unless ($update->{Title} =~ m/Security Update.*Windows XP/i); # filter for something
    push(@updates, $update); # push it into the updates list
  }

  sleep 1 while ($wu->installerBusy); # if Windows Installer is busy
  die "Reboot first...\n" if $wu->rebootRequired; # if whatever WI finished doing requires reboot
  $wu->install(@updates); # install your selected updates
  print "Installed updates want you to reboot...\n" if $wu->rebootRequired;

  # .. or to blindly install all updates:

  use Win32::WindowsUpdate;
  my $wu = Win32::WindowsUpdate->new;
  $wu->install($wu->updates);

METHODS ^

new

  my $wu = Win32::WindowsUpdate->new;
  my $wu = Win32::WindowsUpdate->new({online => 0});

Creates the WindowsUpdate object.

online

Defaults to 1. Check online for updates.

updates

  my $updates = $wu->updates;
  # .. or ..
  my @updates = $wu->updates;

  my $updatesHidden = $wu->updates({IsHidden => 1});

Returns a list of updates available for download and install.

IsInstalled

Returns installed (if true) or not installed (if false) updates. Defaults to 0.

IsHidden

Returns hidden (if true) or not hidden (if false) updates. Defaults to 0.

installed

  my $installed = $wu->installed;
  # .. or ..
  my @installed = $wu->installed;

Returns a list of installed updates.

install

  my @updates;
  foreach my $update ($wu->updates)
  {
    printf("Available Update: %s %s\n", $update->{UpdateId}, $update->{Title});
    next unless ($update->{Title} =~ m/Security Update.*Windows XP/i);
    printf("Want to install: %s\n", $update->{Title});

    push(@updates, $update->{UpdateId});
    # .. or .. (both ways will work)
    push(@updates, $update);
  }
  $wu->install(@updates);

  # .. or ..

  $wu->install($wu->updates); # if you want to install all updates

Install specified updates. Provide an array of either update (directly from $wu->updates) or updateId. See example above for usage.

rebootRequired

  my $needToReboot = $wu->rebootRequired();

Returns bool. True if reboot is required, false otherwise.

This doesn't necessarily mean any installs will fail, but there is something pending a reboot. Your install might fail, though. Keep this in mind.

You should check this before and after you run install. If it's true before you install, you may want to reboot before you install. If it's true after you install, you'll want to reboot sometime.

installerBusy

  my $installerIsBusy = $wu->installerBusy();

Returns bool. True if Windows Installer is busy, false otherwise.

If the installer is busy, you probably won't have any success at running install. You could just sit in a loop waiting for it to no longer be busy, but you'd want to check rebootRequired immediately before you run install to be sure you won't want to reboot first.

setAutomaticUpdates

Set the Automatic Updates setting.

disable (or 1)

Disable Automatic Updates altogether. Any updates will need to performed manually (using this module, via Windows Updates, or your other methods)

notifyonly (or 2)

Notify of new updates, but don't download or install them.

notifydownload (or 3)

Download new updates automatically, but don't install them. The user will be notified that updates are pending and will have the ability to choose which updates to install.

automatic (or 4)

Download and install updates automatically. The user will only be notified that they need to reboot after updates are completed (if reboot is needed). Windows might automatically reboot itself after some period of time to "be helpful".

setAutoRebootWhileLoggedOn

  $wu->setAutoRebootWhileLoggedOn(1); # enable (auto reboot, Windows default behavior)
  $wu->setAutoRebootWhileLoggedOn(0); # disable (no auto reboot)

Enable or disable the automatic reboot "feature". If there is a pending reboot, it won't take effect until after the reboot. Will still nag for a reboot, but the reboot won't be automatic after a period of time. If the logged on user doesn't have reboot privilege, the nag will still appear, but it won't do anything except nag. Without this setting, Windows will reboot automatically after the nag screen has been ignored for five minutes... and for non-admins, they can't prevent the reboot. This option (if set to 0) will prevent this behavior. Defaults to 0 if you don't specify a value.

See also http://blogs.msdn.com/tim_rains/archive/2004/11/15/257877.aspx

setRebootNag (noop)

NOOP. Incomplete as I find a reasonable way to do this, preferably without requiring a reboot. Needs to reliably support Win2k and newer, including Pro, Home, and Server versions. Ideas or patches? Let me know.

See also http://www.codinghorror.com/blog/archives/000294.html

TODO ^

Provide ability to install specific updates.
Provide ability to hide and unhide specific updates.
Provide ability to uninstall updates (maybe?).
Provide ability to do background install with ability to check on status.
Provide ability to only download updates, not install them.
Provide ability to disable/enable "Please reboot..." nag messages after update install. (see setRebootNag above)
Determine other necessary features. (email me with your requests: dusty#megagram#com or use the CPAN bug tracker)

BUGS/WISHLIST ^

REPORT BUGS! Report any bugs to the CPAN bug tracker or email me dusty#megagram#com.

To wishlist something, use the CPAN bug tracker (set as wishlist) or email me. I'd be happy to implement useful functionality in this module on request. I'd also be happy to accept patches.

COPYRIGHT/LICENSE ^

Copyright 2009 Megagram. You can use any one of these licenses: Perl Artistic, GPL (version >= 2), BSD.

Perl Artistic License

Read it at http://dev.perl.org/licenses/artistic.html. This is the license we prefer.

GNU General Public License (GPL) Version 2

  This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
  modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
  as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2
  of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

  This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
  but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
  MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
  GNU General Public License for more details.

  You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
  along with this program.  If not, see http://www.gnu.org/licenses/

See the full license at http://www.gnu.org/licenses/.

GNU General Public License (GPL) Version 3

  This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
  it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
  the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
  (at your option) any later version.

  This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
  but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
  MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
  GNU General Public License for more details.

  You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
  along with this program.  If not, see http://www.gnu.org/licenses/

See the full license at http://www.gnu.org/licenses/.

BSD License

  Copyright (c) 2009 Megagram.
  All rights reserved.

  Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without modification, are permitted
  provided that the following conditions are met:

      * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice, this list of conditions
      and the following disclaimer.
      * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice, this list of conditions
      and the following disclaimer in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
      distribution.
      * Neither the name of Megagram nor the names of its contributors may be used to endorse
      or promote products derived from this software without specific prior written permission.

  THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED
  WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A
  PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR
  ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT
  LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS
  INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY,
  OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN
  IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
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