Yanick Champoux > NetPacket-1.4.3 > NetPacket::IP

Download:
NetPacket-1.4.3.tar.gz

Dependencies

Annotate this POD

Website

Related Modules

Net::Pcap
NetPacket::TCP
NetPacket::UDP
IO::Socket
Data::HexDump
Net::Ping
Net::Packet
Data::Hexdumper
HTTP::Daemon
Data::Dumper
more...
By perlmonks.org

CPAN RT

Open  2
View/Report Bugs
Module Version: v1.4.3   Source   Latest Release: NetPacket-1.4.4

NAME ^

NetPacket::IP - Assemble and disassemble IP (Internet Protocol) packets.

VERSION ^

version 1.4.3

SYNOPSIS ^

  use NetPacket::IP;

  $ip_obj = NetPacket::IP->decode($raw_pkt);
  $ip_pkt = NetPacket::IP->encode($ip_obj);
  $ip_data = NetPacket::IP::strip($raw_pkt);

DESCRIPTION ^

NetPacket::IP provides a set of routines for assembling and disassembling packets using IP (Internet Protocol).

Methods

NetPacket::IP->decode([RAW PACKET])

Decode the raw packet data given and return an object containing instance data. This method will quite happily decode garbage input. It is the responsibility of the programmer to ensure valid packet data is passed to this method.

NetPacket::IP->encode()

Return an IP packet encoded with the instance data specified. This will infer the total length of the packet automatically from the payload length and also adjust the checksum.

Functions

NetPacket::IP::strip([RAW PACKET])

Return the encapsulated data (or payload) contained in the IP packet. This data is suitable to be used as input for other NetPacket::* modules.

This function is equivalent to creating an object using the decode() constructor and returning the data field of that object.

Instance data

The instance data for the NetPacket::IP object consists of the following fields.

ver

The IP version number of this packet.

hlen

The IP header length of this packet.

flags

The IP header flags for this packet.

foffset

The IP fragment offset for this packet.

tos

The type-of-service for this IP packet.

len

The length (including length of header) in bytes for this packet.

id

The identification (sequence) number for this IP packet.

ttl

The time-to-live value for this packet.

proto

The IP protocol number for this packet.

cksum

The IP checksum value for this packet.

src_ip

The source IP address for this packet in dotted-quad notation.

dest_ip

The destination IP address for this packet in dotted-quad notation.

options

Any IP options for this packet.

data

The encapsulated data (payload) for this IP packet.

Exports

default

none

exportable

IP_PROTO_IP IP_PROTO_ICMP IP_PROTO_IGMP IP_PROTO_IPIP IP_PROTO_TCP IP_PROTO_UDP IP_VERSION_IPv4

tags

The following tags group together related exportable items.

:protos

IP_PROTO_IP IP_PROTO_ICMP IP_PROTO_IGMP IP_PROTO_IPIP IP_PROTO_TCP IP_PROTO_UDP

:versions

IP_VERSION_IPv4

:strip

Import the strip function ip_strip.

:ALL

All the above exportable items.

EXAMPLE ^

The following script dumps IP frames by IP address and protocol to standard output.

  #!/usr/bin/perl -w

  use strict;
  use Net::PcapUtils;
  use NetPacket::Ethernet qw(:strip);
  use NetPacket::IP;

  sub process_pkt {
      my ($user, $hdr, $pkt) = @_;

      my $ip_obj = NetPacket::IP->decode(eth_strip($pkt));
      print("$ip_obj->{src_ip}:$ip_obj->{dest_ip} $ip_obj->{proto}\n");
  }

  Net::PcapUtils::loop(\&process_pkt, FILTER => 'ip');

TODO ^

IP option decoding - currently stored in binary form.
Assembly of received fragments

COPYRIGHT ^

Copyright (c) 2001 Tim Potter and Stephanie Wehner.

Copyright (c) 1995,1996,1997,1998,1999 ANU and CSIRO on behalf of the participants in the CRC for Advanced Computational Systems ('ACSys').

This module is free software. You can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the Artistic License 2.0.

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but without any warranty; without even the implied warranty of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose.

AUTHOR ^

Tim Potter <tpot@samba.org>

Stephanie Wehner <atrak@itsx.com>

syntax highlighting: